Humans began to practice the arts 30, 000 years ago as a form of self-expression, Since the foot, they have practiced the material art of using non-living tools such as painting, sculpture, decoration, pottery, weaving and cooking, They also knew the intangible arts they performed with physical behaviors such as playing music, dancing, acting, storytelling, drawing animal forms and symbolic abstract marks over cave walls.
Art is defined as every art whose origins are taken from reality or nature and reshaped in a new and different form, According to the vision of the artist who takes his ideas and vocabulary that he wishes to form again from the surroundings he lives in, According to his own approach.
Schools of Fine Art
Real School: They are the ones that are physically transferred to the physical reality (replica), It’s almost like a photograph, Where the eye of the artist captures it and registers it in its finest details and dimensions But because of the artist’s failure to elude his emotions and feelings, He often enters some of his emotions in his work, So I found the symbolic realism, And expressive realism).
Impressionist School: These paintings were distinguished by the more natural elements, such as light and shade, because the artist left his closed studio to paint in nature, whose elements reflected on his senses in the drawing process.
The new impressionist school or post-impressionist: It integrates the Impressionist and realist schools, In a modern way, The artists of this school were distinguished by their dissatisfaction with the old Impressionist method, Where they searched for originality and depth, So their studio stayed in nature But their colors were severe, Their work is harmonious, Their work on the cloth was missed for the first time.
Symbolic School: Which started relying on coding in the drawing, And abandon the replica photography of nature, Coding was evident through drawing modes and also colors.
Expressive School: It appeared at the beginning of the twentieth century, Where I relied on the idea of non-compliance with the transfer of images faithfully, But it depends on the artist’s impression of this scene more than accurately filmed.
School of the Daditics: The purpose of this school was to characterize all that is neglected in life, Thereby maximizing it and explaining it as if it were very important, Like photographing trash, Or contaminated pavements, The purpose of this drawing method was to show importance.
The Surymechanism School: Where this school has relied on the embodiment of dreams and ideas, It was painted by restoring what’s in memory, Not by transport.
Abstract School: Depend on the abstraction of nature of the facts on which they are, And rebroadcast it in a way that is different from its reality but with the vision of the artist that is subject to his imagination and his own colors and movement.
Moroccan critic Ibrahim al-Huisen believes that many pictorial and sculptural works have embodied the position of art in politics, Among them, for example, the work done by Michelangelo titled “David”, At the request of the city of Florence for purely political purpose is to celebrate the expulsion of The rulers of the Medici tyrants, And also the “death of the Marat” painting of Jacques Luis David, which embodies the assassination of the revolutionary leftist during the French Revolution by an enemy of the revolution.
Spanish painter Francisco Goya painted the scenes of “executions” that took place in Spain’s civil war, He completed an expressive work, he called “May 3, 1808”, in which he filmed the execution of the Spanish peasant rebels by the army of the occupied Napoleonic Corps.
The Heisen speaks of the “freedom leading the people” painting of the Romantikke Eugene Dolakro, the French Revolution of 1830, She was inspired by the artist’s participation in this revolution, on the shoulders of the demonstrators and his age was not later than thirty-second.